Follow us on: 
facebook
youtube
flick
 

Digital revolution comes to Viet Nam census

Print Email

Census data is essential for creating policies and making investments that meet the needs of all people. © UN Vietnam/Aidan Dockery

 

HA NOI, VIET NAM – At the start of April, more than 122,000 people fanned out across Viet Nam, pursuing information about every single person in the country. They are enumerators for the country's housing and population census – one of the largest and most complex peacetime exercises a nation can undertake.

Tran Ba Tho is one of those enumerators. Normally a university student in Ha Noi, Mr. Tran is diverting his efforts to this monumental, once-in-a-decade undertaking.

Today is a special day for Mr. Tho. After extensive training, he is finally going door-to-door to gather a treasure trove of facts and statistics.

"My name is Tran Ba Tho," he announced at one household, with typical formality and courtesy. "The purpose of my visit is to interview you in order to get information for the 2019 Census."

"Please, come in and take a seat," Chu Ba Diep replied, inviting him inside, along with the large retinue of officials from the government and UNFPA accompanying him. Mr. Tho had been randomly selected for observation by the monitoring team.

Mr. Tho made sure the resident understood the purpose of the census, then proceeded: "Could you let me know full name of each person who usually resides in the household for 6 months or more as of 0 hour 1 April 2019?"

It was only the beginning of a long interview designed to elicit detailed demographic, social and economic information. Throughout the interaction, Mr. Tho carefully entered each response into his smart phone, making sure no mistakes were made.

A data revolution

 IMG 0129With information generated by the census, "we can make a difference for better lives of all the people," said UNFPA Representative Astrid Bant

Viet Nam's census, to be conducted throughout the country from the 1 to 25 April, will be the largest ever since the nation's formation, carried out in all 63 provinces and cities. It will count approximately 94 million people and 26.2 million households. On top of the many thousands of enumerators, there are 9,300 supervisors.

The operation, conducted by the General Statistics Office with support from UNFPA, will allow the country to see how the population has changed, not only in size but also in structure, accounting for fertility, mortality, migration, education, employment, disability and housing conditions.

This huge dataset is essential for creating policies and making investments that meet the needs of communities, foster prosperity, and secure the rights and well-being of all people.

Training courses, seminars and conferences to prepare for the census were held continuously from July 2017 – particularly essential because the country's enumerators, equipped with tablets and smart phones, will be collecting data digitally for the first time. Households can also provide information to the census website.

UNFPA is supporting these efforts, which will improve the quality and transparency of data collected and shorten the time needed for data processing.

UNFPA has helped other countries digitize their census operations. "Across the world, some countries are leading this global trend, and Viet Nam is now joining them. I am sure we all feel very proud to be part of this revolutionary move," said Astrid Bant, UNFPA's representative in Viet Nam.

Everyone counts

IMG 0133Tran Ba Tho enters information into his smart phone during a census interview. Even with the new digital tools, census taking is a laborious exercise

Even with the technological advances, the day-to-day work can be challenging, as enumerators can attest.

"It is not easy to find people at home," said Mr. Tho. "During working hours it is difficult to arrange interviews. I usually have to meet heads of households at noon and in the evenings. Very often, I have gone up to three or four times to the same household."

On top of that, some people have had difficulty remembering the calendar month and year they were born. Mr. Tho prompts them to remember historical moments that took place around their births. Other times, they only remembered the season when they were born.

But the heroic effort to make sure everyone is counted will pay off as officials and policymakers gain a clearer picture of the country's people and needs.

"Producing and making good use of quality census data, we can make a difference for better lives of all the people, and make sure no one is left behind," said Ms. Bant.

In addition to supporting the piloting of digital census technology, UNFPA assisted with the census plan, sampling design, questionnaires and manuals, trainings and advocacy activities.

Preliminary results will be announced in July 2019, and the final results will be published in the second quarter of 2020.

 IMG 0106A monitoring team from the General Statistics Office oversees a census interview. Nguyen Bich Lam, General Director of the statistics body, is at centre.

  •  Click here to watch the video clip on the preparation for the 2019 Census on Population and Housing.
  • Click here to watch the TV talk-show with the UNFPA Representative on the 2019 Census on Population and Housing.
  • Click here to read UNFPA Representative's speech at the census-launching event on 1 April 2019.

Story written by Nguyen Thi Hong Thanh, UNFPA Communications Officer

Spotlight

myhealth-myright_en.pdf.png

WORLD AIDS DAY MESSAGE 2017

1 December 2017

Michel Sidibé
Executive Director of UNAIDS
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


contest_680.jpg

Community spaces design contest for an exciting hanoi

Ha Noi, October 17/10/2017 - Aiming at improving the living environment and bringing culture and art to the community towards a better urban future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) successfully developed the project “Promote participatory, community-based and youth-led approach in safe, greening public spaces in Hoan Kiem district toward a pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable urban development” (hereinafter called Public Spaces project) under the Block by Block program with Mojang, the makers of the videogame Minecraft.

 

Deadline for round 1: From 17/10/2017 to 04/11/2017 Extended to 9 November 2017


op-ed-juv-justice-390.jpg

Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


rc_ai_new_year_card_300.jpg

New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam

 

On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


WAD2016.jpg

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December

 

Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.