Follow us on: 

Land should not be revoked for private investor projects: UNDP expert

Print Email

As published in Dan Tri News on 20 November 2012

datdai0211121-c7a4fUNDP Policy Advisor for Rule of Law and Access to Justice, Nicholas Booth One of weaknesses of Vietnam’s Land Law is the government's involvement revoking land for private investor projects, said UNDP Policy Advisor for Rule of Law and Access to Justice, Nicholas Booth.

“The State should only confiscate land for public projects such as new infrastructure works, but not for the benefit of private investors,” he added, noting that most foreign countries only withdraw land for issues related to national interests such as those stipulated in the Vietnamese 1992 Constitution.  

The expert also emphasised that Vietnam’s current Land Law is not fair to farmers. They are allowed to hire land for agricultural development for just 20 years; meanwhile, urban residents can use their land for an unlimited time. Many farmers are banned from changing the use of their land.

When land is revoked, compensations for farmers are often based on local appraisals of land prices. In fact, the compensation levels are often lower than their real value, pushing farmers into poverty, while offering opportunities for investors to get rich and bribe officials. This explains why up to 70% of land-related complaints are problems related to compensation and withdrawal of land.

Independent agency needed

He suggested that Vietnam needs to ensure transparency and people’s participation in land planning and withdrawal, citing the Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) conducted by UNDP in 2011 as saying that eight among 10 Vietnamese people do not know about land planning in their localities. Only one among five said that they had a chance to express their opinion on the land planning, meanwhile, two thirds complained that they do not know whom to meet to ask about official land prices.

According to the UNDP expert, land prices for compensation should be assessed by independent agencies or direct negotiations with farmers, not by officials. Farmers must also be treated as equally as urban residents in terms of land use.  

The PAPI also indicated that only 9% of Vietnamese people believe that the compensation they got for land withdrawal was equal to the real land prices.
HCM City’s application of an independent land price appraisal system for revoking land for projects is a good step to curb land-related complaints, he said.
Vietnam needs to increase transparency in granting land ownership certificates to mitigate corruption. The PAPI showed that up to one fifth of Vietnamese people admitted that they had to pay bribes to receive basic documents such as land ownership certificates.




1 December 2017

Michel Sidibé
Executive Director of UNAIDS
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


Community spaces design contest for an exciting hanoi

Ha Noi, October 17/10/2017 - Aiming at improving the living environment and bringing culture and art to the community towards a better urban future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) successfully developed the project “Promote participatory, community-based and youth-led approach in safe, greening public spaces in Hoan Kiem district toward a pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable urban development” (hereinafter called Public Spaces project) under the Block by Block program with Mojang, the makers of the videogame Minecraft.


Deadline for round 1: From 17/10/2017 to 04/11/2017 Extended to 9 November 2017


Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December


Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.