Another key element of reform is strengthening the role of the Resident Coordinator (RC) as the “One Leader” for the UN in Viet Nam. A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on the One Leader has been signed by all participating UN organisations, providing enhanced functions and responsibility to the UN RC to better represent the participating agencies in the One Plan. As the One Leader, the RC will take the lead on common issues that require the UN Country Team to speak with one voice, and present a common position and/or view. He/she will guide the strategic development and management of the One UN Initiative and promote joint decisions including all representatives of the participating UN organizations.
In addition, the RC as the One Leader has ultimate authority on allocation from the One Plan Fund. Furthermore, a conflict resolution mechanism has been established. Whilst these country level initiatives have enhanced the informal authority of the RC, more guidance is being requested from UN headquarters on the One Leader in order to enhance the formal authority of the RC, beyond the voluntary nature determined in Viet Nam by the UNCT MOU.