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Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNICEF Publications

Multidimensional Child Poverty of Ethnic Minority Children - Situation, Dynamics, and Challenges

Date added: 12/24/2015
Downloads: 3705
Multidimensional Child Poverty of Ethnic Minority Children - Situation, Dynamics, and Challenges

 

This report was made within the long term cooperation between UNICEF Viet Nam to the Ethnic Miniority Policies Management Board Committee for Ethnic Minority Affrairs (CEMA) in 2014. We would like to thank the research team from IRC Development Research and Consulting (IRC Consulting) (include Dr. Pham Thai Hung – team leader, Hoang Xuan Trung, Pham Quang, Hung, and Le Thi Thu Trang, with support from Pham Thi Thuy Chi, Le Nguyen Quynh Chang, Nguyen Dinh Tuan, and Nguyen Thi Thao, and Do Thu Thuy). Many comments were made to earlier drafts of this Report, especially those from Ms. Be Thi Hong Van , Ms. Tran Chi Mai, and Ms. Nguyen Thu Thao (CEMA), and Ms. Nguyen Thi Van Anh, Ms. Yoshimi Nishino, Ms. Mizuho Okimoto and Ms. Christina Popivanova (UNICEF ), and the two independent reviewers. We would like to thank you all for sharing your comments and suggestions to improve the Report. We also thank UNICEF Vietnam for providing financial support for this study and the associated events. However, the results and recommendations of this report are of the authors’ and do not necessarily reflect the views of CEMA, UNICEF Viet Nam or any other parties.

pdfDownload the leaflet here

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

Scoping Study on Integration of Poverty and Sustainability into National Development Planning

Date added: 12/14/2015
Downloads: 2248
Scoping Study on Integration of Poverty and Sustainability into National Development Planning

Viet Nam Country Report

Integrated poverty and sustainability into development planning is an approach to enable the formulation of sound sustainability policies. This approach ensures that poverty eradication and environmental sustainability go hand-in-hand with economic growth (UNDP & UNEP, 2013). They require effective governance, policy coordination and coherence across government departments and stakeholders to fully understand and manage the many interactions between economic growth, poverty eradication, and the environment, and ensure policies and plans are designed and implemented in ways that do not progress one dimension at the expense of the other. Over the last decade, efforts have been made in integrating poverty and environmental issues into the national development planning process in Vietnam. The policy direction has moved from focusing on poverty aspects alone, to addressing both poverty and environment together in recent years. A legal framework for mainstreaming sustainable development in socio-economic development plans and sectoral plans has been established by the Decision on the National Action Plan for Sustainable Development for the period 2013-2015 and the related documents.

Poverty Situation Analysis Of Ethnic Minorities in Vietnam 2007-2012

Date added: 12/04/2013
Downloads: 3343
Poverty Situation Analysis Of Ethnic Minorities in Vietnam 2007-2012

Key Findings from Quantitative Study

Vietnam has achieved remarkable results in poverty reduction but the progress of poverty reduction varies greatly among different ethnic groups. Some research studies have shown that economic growth and poverty reduction have not obtained significant success for a number of ethnic minority groups. Ethnic minority households face huge obstacle in access to important resources such as education, capital, market and agricultural land (The World Bank, 2009 and 2012). There is a substantial variation in poverty rate among different ethnic minority groups. IRC (2012) finds that certain ethnic minority groups in P135 such as Mong and Nung experienced huge progress in poverty reduction effort during the period 2007-2012. Whereas, other groups such as Thai and Muong seemed to lag behind in the poverty reduction progress.

This study aims to answer the following questions: how have the standards of living of the ethnic minorities changed during the period 2007-2012? Which group is the most successful in poverty reduction and which is the least successful group during the same period? What are the reasons for the success and failure of the two ethnic minority groups? The research outcomes serve as instrumental input for policy dialogue and recommendation for designing upcoming poverty reduction programs and policies for the ethnic minorities.

Impact of Program 135-phase II through the lens of baseline and endline surveys

Date added: 12/25/2012
Downloads: 9174
Impact of Program 135-phase II through the lens of baseline and endline surveys

 

To increase the opportunities for poor households to benefit from economic growth, the government has introduced many poverty reduction programs for specific targeted poor household groups and regions. These programs include P-135 and P30a(improving the living conditions of ethnic minorities), P-132 and P-134 (targeted mainly at the Central Highlands to increase access to land and improve housing conditions), the Hunger and Poverty Eradication Program (HEPR), and later NTP-PR (health insurance for the poor). These programs and policies have increased the opportunities for poor households to secure the benefits of economic growth, resulting in improve living standards and increased chances to escape to poverty.

However, the most important question “What are the impacts of these programs on the expected outcomes” has not yet been answered in detail

The major aim of this “Impact of Program 135-phase II through the Lens of Baseline and Endline Surveys” report is to measure the impact of the program on the expected economic outcomes of the households, mainly the poverty, income, agriculture production, housing conditions, and access to the basic public services. In addition, the report analyses the current situation of all aspects of living conditions of the ethnic minority households living in the remote and poorest communes. The findings and lesson drawn from this report could help the government and donors to design and implement better programs in the future.

Click here to download the data and questionaires

Poverty of ethnic minorities in Viet Nam: Situation and Challenges in Programme 135 Phase II commune

Date added: 09/19/2011
Downloads: 8785
Poverty of ethnic minorities in Viet Nam: Situation and Challenges in Programme 135 Phase II commune

Using data from a high quality household survey for the Government’s Programme 135 Phase II (2006-2011) and other quantitative and qualitative sources, the authors of this report have set out to describe in detail the features of ethnic minority poverty and the restraints to ethnic minority development in poor rural and mountainous communes. The study also explores some of the main causes of persistent poverty among ethnic minorities in Viet Nam today.

Click here to download the raw data

Status of ethnic minority human resources and recommended solutions for human resource development

Date added: 10/19/2012
Downloads: 9729
Status of ethnic minority human resources and recommended solutions for human resource development

This is a short summary of research “Status of ethnic minority human resources and recommended solutions for human resource development in ethnic minority and mountainous areas” commissioned by the EMPCD - a CEMA/UNDP project to Strengthen Capacity in EM Policy Formulation, Implementation and Monitoring. This research provides evidence-based data on status-quo of EM human resource, as an attempt to support the State Committee for Ethnic Minority Affairs (CEMA) in their drafting a proposal to the Government on Human Resource Development for Ethnic Minority and Mountainous Areas, period 2011-2015, toward 2020.

Click here to download the full report

Category: UN Viet Nam Joint Publications/Social and Economic Development Policies - Joint UN Publications

Sustainable poverty reduction and natural disaster risk management in the central coastal region

Date added: 06/05/2012
Downloads: 12029
Sustainable poverty reduction and natural disaster risk management in the central coastal region

Lessons learned and policy implications

The Central Coastal region is one of the most vulnerable to disasters and climate change in the country. In the context of the mid-year Consultative Group meeting held in Quang Tri, this paper focuses on the nexus between sustainable poverty reduction and disaster risk management and climate change adaptation, in particular in the Central Coastal region of Viet Nam. The paper highlights main policy messages, drawing on UN experiences providing programme and policy support to the Government in the Central Coastal region, and suggests main policy implications.

Factsheet - Joint Programme in Kom Tum

Date added: 03/30/2011
Downloads: 13865
Factsheet - Joint Programme in Kom Tum

The issue:
Located in the Central Highlands region of the country, Kon Tum is one of the poorest provinces in Viet Nam, where large ethnic minority population reside. Of the total population of 389,745, approximately 53% belongs to various ethnic groups – Bana, Xedang, De, Trieng, G’rai, B’rou and R’mam.

Factsheet - Joint Programme Green Production and Trade

Date added: 03/30/2011
Downloads: 14737
Factsheet - Joint Programme Green Production and Trade

The issue:
Viet Nam has achieved impressive economic progress since the doi moi (renovation) process was launched in 1986. Since 1993, real GDP growth has averaged 7.5% per year and the poverty rate has been reduced from 58% in 1993 to 13% in 2008. Growth has been driven by accelerated international integration, market liberalization and job creation in the private sector.

Crafting Out of Poverty: The UN Joint Programme on Green Production and Trade quarterly newsletter

Date added: 02/18/2011
Downloads: 12991
Crafting Out of Poverty: The UN Joint Programme on Green Production and Trade quarterly newsletter

Enabling rural households to ‘craft their way out of poverty’
Welcome to the first issue of the quarterly newsletter of the joint programme ‘Green Production and Trade to Increase Income and Employment Opportunities for the Rural Poor’, in short ‘Green Production and Trade’! Through this newsletter we will keep you up to date on new developments and progress realized by the programme.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNICEF Publications

Children in Viet Nam: who and where are the poor?

Date added: 12/04/2009
Downloads: 14116
Children in Viet Nam: who and where are the poor?

The development and application of a multidimensional approach to child poverty

In the context of the Country Programme of Cooperation between the Government of Viet Nam and UNICEF 2006-2010, the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) has coordinated the process of developing a new approach to child poverty for Viet Nam. Among the key outputs of this ongoing process are the child poverty rate and child poverty index presented in the present report.

The present report was prepared by Dr. Chris de Neubourgh, Dr. Franciska Gassman, and Keetie Roelen of the Graduate School of Governance, University of Maastricht, the Netherlands. It is the result of a multi-year process, involving extensive technical consultations and inputs from all relevant ministries including the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education and Training, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment and the Committee for Ethnic Minorities.

The General Statistics Office, the Institute of Labour Science and Social Affairs, and UNICEF Viet Nam provided significant technical expertise throughout the process. UNICEF provided financial support to the process, including from funds made available under the One UN Plan Fund mechanism.

See related documents:

Child Poverty in East Asia and the Pacific: Deprivations and Disparities - A Study of Seven Countrie

Date added: 11/30/2011
Downloads: 11595
Child Poverty in East Asia and the Pacific: Deprivations and Disparities - A Study of Seven Countrie

Poverty reduction begins with children. A child’s experience of poverty is very different from that of an adult. Income is but one dimension among many that should be assessed when analyzing child poverty and disparity. Non-monetary deprivation in dimensions such as shelter, food, water, sanitation, education, health, and information is equally, if not more, revealing. Since deprivation along these dimensions can have significant negative consequences on a child’s development and future, an examination of multidimensional child poverty and associated disparities is clearly warranted.

As part of UNICEF’s Global Study on Child Poverty and Disparities, several countries in East Asia and the Pacific have undertaken national child poverty and disparity studies. In this paper, results from seven of those countries, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Mongolia, the Philippines, Thailand, Vanuatu and Viet Nam, are reviewed. The objective is to identify trends and lessons, generate strategies for UNICEF EAPRO, and to contribute toward a richer conceptualization of the situation of children in the region.

Related Links:

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Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

Final report analysis of the P135-II baseline survey

Date added: 12/01/2008
Downloads: 13882
Final report analysis of the P135-II baseline survey

Vietnam has achieved unprecedented reductions in poverty over the past two decades. The Government has allocated substantial investment resources for development of ethnic minority and mountainous areas – largely targeting at poor households through various policies, programmes and projects. With the close attention of the Government, signifi cant improvements to the socio-economic conditions of ethnic minority and mountainous areas have been achieved, and the povery rate has been decreasing rapidly year after year.

Urban Poverty Assessment in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City

Date added: 09/13/2011
Downloads: 13214
Urban Poverty Assessment in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City

This report on urban poverty assessment in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City has been developed under the project "Support for in-depth evaluation of urban poverty in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City" funded by the United Nations Development Programmes (UNDP) with the Ha Noi People's Committee and the Ho Chi Minh City People's Committee as the national implementation partners, and Ha Noi Statistics Office and Ho Chi Minh City Statistics Office as the implementing agencies.

The Statistical Annexes to the report are available in a separate document.

For further details, see the data files and questionnaires for the survey

Ha Noi, September 2010

The Relationship Between Old Age and Poverty in Viet Nam

Date added: 08/29/2007
Downloads: 15080
The Relationship Between Old Age and Poverty in Viet Nam

This  is  the  second  of  two  reports  written  for  the  United  Nations Development  Programme  in  Viet  Nam  to explore the issues of income, poverty and social security in Viet Nam and which follow on from the Policy Dialogue Paper entitled Beyond HEPR: A Framework for an Integrated National System of Social Security in Viet  Nam  published  in  2005,  which  put  forward  general  principles  for  comprehensive  social  security programmes in Viet Nam (Justino 2005).  In this report we look exclusively at the position of the elderly in Viet Nam and answer several key questions about their circumstances as found in the 2004 Viet Nam Household Living Standards Survey (VHLSS).

The  approach  of  this  report  is  empirical  and  descriptive  and  Part 1 continues  by  outlining  how  elderly Vietnamese fit into the overall demographic structures of Viet Nam.  Part 2 then looks at elderly economic activity  while  Part 3  that  describes  their  health  profile.  Part  4  describes  incomes  of  the  elderly  and  then focuses on social security and remittances, which are particularly important sources of income. Part 5 then describes the poverty profile and Part 6 brings together the papers findings and draws some conclusions.

Statistical Annexes to Urban Poverty Assessment in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City

Date added: 09/13/2011
Downloads: 11127
Statistical Annexes to Urban Poverty Assessment in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City

This document contains the Statistical Annexes to the 2010 UNDP publication "Urban Poverty Assessment in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City".

Mid-term review report for implementation of the five-year socio-economic development plan 2006-2010

Date added: 07/21/2009
Downloads: 13036
Mid-term review report for implementation of the five-year socio-economic development plan 2006-2010

In an effort to better monitor how Viet Nam is progressing toward achieving its socio-economic objectives, the result-based evaluation framework has been applied in the mid-term review of the implementation of the five year 2006-2010 socio-economic development plan. This report covers assessment of the plan implementation progress for the years 2006-2007 and estimates for 2008. Due to data constraints, the report has not been able to analyze all of objectives and indicators set out in the plan, but covers the most important indicators where data are available.

Mid-term review of programme 135-II, 2006 - 2008

Date added: 01/06/2009
Downloads: 13729
Mid-term review of programme 135-II, 2006 - 2008

The program scores well in terms of relevance and effectiveness and reasonably well in terms of benefi ciaries’ perceptions and quality of service delivery, targeting effi cacy and effi ciency in programme management and implementation. The best performing project is infrastructural development while the projects for Business and production development and for Training for capacity building have still signifi cant margins for progress. As for the new Policy for Livelihood improvement, it is too early to tell.

A robust harvest: strategic choices for agricultural and rural development in Viet Nam

Date added: 03/22/2010
Downloads: 14449
A robust harvest: strategic choices for agricultural and rural development in Viet Nam

Ian Coxhead, Kim N.B. Ninh, Vu Thi Thao and Nguyen Thi Phuong Hoa

This paper – a companion paper to ‘Getting to work’ by Ian Coxhead, Diep Phan, Dinh Vu Trang Ngan and Kim N. B. Ninh - explores issues related to the modernization of Viet Nam’s agricultural sector and the development of the country’s rural economy by analysing international experience and practices in: (i) promoting higher productivity and competitiveness in the agriculture sector; (ii) stimulating rural economic development; and (iii) providing concrete recommendations on actions that can be taken to accelerate agricultural and rural development in the period to 2020.

Choosing Success: The Lessons of East and Southeast Asia and Viet Nam's Future

Date added: 10/09/2008
Downloads: 17474
Choosing Success: The Lessons of East and Southeast Asia and Viet Nam's Future

A Policy Framework for Viet Nam's Socioeconomic Development, 2011-2020

This paper was prepared at the request of Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung by Harvard's Kennedy School of Government with support from UNDP Viet Nam. The Prime Minister requested a critical analysis of Viet Nam's draft socio-economic development strategy for the period 2011-2020 as part of a wider programme of policy dialogue consultations. The paper responds to this request, identifying key challenges facing Viet Nam over this period as the country strives to achieve middle income status. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and UNDP are working together to continue the policy research and dialogue programme initiated by 'Choosing Success" under the Capacity Development for Economic Diplomacy and Business-Government Dialogue project.

'Choosing Success' was partially supported by the Department for International Development (DFID) of the United Kingdom under the Strategic Partnership Initiative between DFID and UNDP.

Spotlight

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WORLD AIDS DAY MESSAGE 2017

1 December 2017

Michel Sidibé
Executive Director of UNAIDS
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


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Community spaces design contest for an exciting hanoi

Ha Noi, October 17/10/2017 - Aiming at improving the living environment and bringing culture and art to the community towards a better urban future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) successfully developed the project “Promote participatory, community-based and youth-led approach in safe, greening public spaces in Hoan Kiem district toward a pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable urban development” (hereinafter called Public Spaces project) under the Block by Block program with Mojang, the makers of the videogame Minecraft.

 

Deadline for round 1: From 17/10/2017 to 04/11/2017 Extended to 9 November 2017


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Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


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New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam

 

On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


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UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December

 

Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.



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