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Category: UN Viet Nam Joint Publications/Gender - Joint UN Publications

Assessment of the situation of women in the criminal justice system in Viet Nam

Date added: 07/31/2013
Downloads: 5995
Assessment of the situation of women in the criminal justice system in Viet Nam

Over the past few decades, Viet Nam has made significant strides in improving its legislative framework to advance gender equality. The 2006 Law on Gender Equality illustrated the government’s commitment to advance this issue, and subsequent policies and laws have contributed to the promotion of women’s rights. However, women continue to face challenges in many areas of society, including the criminal justice system. Whether they experience violence, perpetrators of crimes, or criminal justice workers, women face a patriarchal system laden with gender stereotypes. In order to contribute to the growing volume of research on gender in Viet Nam, the United Nations in Viet Nam undertook an assessment process to research the role of women in the criminal justice system and identify areas for improvement.  

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

2015 Justice Index – towards a justice system for the people

Date added: 06/16/2016
Downloads: 4566
2015 Justice Index – towards a justice system for the people


The report “2015 Justice Index – towards a justice system for the people” is the second iteration of an innovative research project aiming to measure the performance of the justice system in ensuring access to justice, equality and protection of fundamental rights, based on citizens’ experiences and observations.

The report’s main findings and policy recommendations help guide policy solutions and future reforms at the central and local levels, the development of a rule of law state and a democratic society. It includes suggestions on how to use the index as a tool to monitor and evaluate the performance of national action plans to realize Viet Nam’s commitments to the Sustainable Development Goals. The Justice Index results also informs civil society organizations and citizens, and encourage their participation in building “a justice system for citizens” that ensures fairness and equality and protects the legitimate rights and interests of the people in Viet Nam.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UN Women Publications

Access to Justice in the Plural Legal System in Viet Nam

Date added: 06/30/2015
Downloads: 4035
Access to Justice in the Plural Legal System in Viet Nam

This report is a study initiated within the framework of a regional study on women’s access to justice through plural legal systems. The regional study is conducted through UN Women’s regional programme on “Improving Women’s Human Rights in Southeast Asia – CEDAW, Phase II” with the support from the Government of Canada. In Viet Nam, the Institute of Sociology, a State organization part of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics, worked with the UN Women country office in Viet Nam to conduct this study on “women’s access to justice in the plural legal system in Viet Nam from the CEDAW perspective to promote policies, focusing on domestic violence”. This study analyzes the relationship between formal and informal legal systems and identifies factors preventing women from accessing justice. It also determines specific demands and steps to address barriers in the plural legal system and increase women’s access to justice.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

The women's access to land in contemporary Viet Nam

Date added: 10/16/2013
Downloads: 7686
The women's access to land in contemporary Viet Nam

The issue of women’s access to land is often framed in the context of oppression, emancipation, or Vietnamese uniqueness. This study report examines contemporary women’s access to land across ten provinces outside of these traditional narratives. Ten selected research sites reflected a diveristy of rural-urban locations, lineage patterns, and ethnic diversity. In addition to the survey data, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions, the Research Team analyzed available court cases involving inheritance and succession issues in the Vietnamese courts, from the district through Supreme Court levels.

In order for any outreach program to function well, the Research Team suggested that any initiative undertaken to improve women’s land rights should seek to 1) improve the content and communication strategies of outreach programs; 2) encourage and support women in registering their land rights and to use land transfer documents; and 3) raise the standard of basic legal services in communities throughout Vietnam. Initiating an outreach pilot program that is governed by the principles of inclusiveness, diversity, and clarity is also recommended.

Justice index: Assessment of Distributive Justice and Equality from a Citizen-based Survey in 2012

Date added: 10/03/2013
Downloads: 7382
Justice index: Assessment of Distributive Justice and Equality from a Citizen-based Survey in 2012


This Report proposes the Justice Index as a new tool for analyzing and making legal and judicial policies. It is also an effective tool to make state agencies both at central and local levels accountable to citizens for the performance of public institutions, efforts to ensure justice – or fairness and equality – for citizens. The Report begins by explaining the demand for a policy tool to help measure and assess people’s experience of justice in Chapter 1. Chapter 2 introduces the research and survey methodology. Chapter 3 gives a national overview of distributive justice and equality in practice, identifying the challenges faced by local people in getting access to the judicial system and/or public institutions in general. It also identifies shortcomings in: resolving civil disputes and administrative complaints; as well as ensuring the fundamental rights of the people. Chapter 4 presents the results of the 21 surveyed provinces of the 2012 Justice Index. The report concludes by listing some policy implications, based on 2012 Justice Index findings, in Chapter 5.

Report on the right to counsel in criminal law and practice in Viet Nam

Date added: 02/18/2013
Downloads: 10465
Report on the right to counsel in criminal law and practice in Viet Nam


The ambit of the study included analysis of nine (9) constituent rights fundamental to the Right to counsel in international human right laws and international customs. In addition the law and practice of three (3) civil law  countries, with broadly  similar legal systems to that of Vietnam, including China, Japan, and Germany were also studied. In addition,  a common law system, Australia, was considered to compare the theory and practice of the right to counsel in Vietnam. These comparisons were included to assist with debates in Vietnam on reforming justice and perfecting the Criminal Procedure Code (amended).

Appointed Counsel in Vietnamese criminal laws and practice

Date added: 07/26/2012
Downloads: 11210
Appointed Counsel in Vietnamese criminal laws and practice

Article 57 of the Vietnam Criminal Procedure Code provides for the responsibilities of litigation agencies to appoint counsel to represent accused or offender in cases which accused of the crimes are subject to capital or live sentence, and juvenile delinquent or offender with physical or mental defects. This provision of “Appointed Counsel” can be seen as a legitimate mechanism, among others, to realize the right of counsel as stipulated in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ("ICCPR"), which Vietnam accessed and rectified since September 1982. This unprecedented study report provides invaluable insights on how well functioning legal and institutional arrangements have ensured such rights to be properly realized in practice. Its findings are drawn from thorough review of the current legislation, analysis of the data gathering from all 62 existing bar associations and interviews of multi-stakeholders and informants at 9 selected provinces across the country.  The report concludes with practical suggestions on ways forwards for the enhancement of its realization in line with the current legal and judicial reform in Vietnam.

Research studies on the organization and functioning of the justice system in 5 selected countries

Date added: 01/29/2012
Downloads: 10651
Research studies on the organization and functioning of the justice system in 5 selected countries

This set of five comparative studies gives an insightful and comprehensive assessment of the justice system in five countries -- China, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea and Russian Federation -- which have been selected on the basis of their interest for Viet Nam having regard to their socio-economic development, political system, history and culture. While giving prominence to the court system as a core part of the inquiry, the reports examine other related institutions in the justice system and provide a broad base for comparing judicial reforms in the respective countries and Viet Nam. It is expected that this volume will facilitate the work of policy makers in advancing the domestic judicial reform agenda.

Click here to download the Russia, Korea, Japan, Indonesia and China reports

Measuring citizens' perception and experience on justice

Date added: 03/29/2012
Downloads: 11050
Measuring citizens' perception and experience on justice

Findings and recommendations from a three province pilot

This paper outlines an experimental research study aiming to measure justice in Viet Nam from citizen’s experience and perception. It illustrates the survey methodology and instrument used in ascertaining respondents’ reaction to justice through case study on environmental and land disputes. As an outcome, the study sheds light on the reality of huge gap between law and practice, the existence of a legal pluralism system where formal, informal and customary institutions are found synergy.



Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December


Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.


The secretary-general's message for the International Day to End Violence against Women and Girls


25 November 2016 - At long last, there is growing global recognition that violence against women and girls is a human rights violation, public health pandemic and serious obstacle to sustainable development.  Yet there is still much more we can and must do to turn this awareness into meaningful prevention and response.


UNIDO Director General's Op-Ed Article to media on the occasion of UNIDO's 50th anniversary


Did you know that in Viet Nam, the net flow of foreign direct investment increased from USD1billion in 2003 to USD10 billion in 2008, and that by 2015 reached USD23 billion?  Or that the total value of exports rose from USD2 billion in 1990 to USD72 billion in 2010, to reach USD162 billion in 2015? These impressive figures highlight the country’s robust economic success, providing a boost to the economy and employment.

These accomplishments are largely due to the reforms undertaken by Viet Nam since Doi Moi in 1986 which liberalized the economy, attracted foreign investment, fostered exports and reduced poverty. To prepare for reform, Viet Nam received extensive technical assistance from the international community, including from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), well before 1986 and, more precisely, since 1978.

For more than 35 years, UNIDO has been sharing international best practices to help Viet Nam develop inclusive and sustainable industry. With more than USD100 million in expenditure, UNIDO’s technical cooperation activities have been carried out across a broad range of fields, including support to the private sector and technical and industrial research organizations, facilitation of technology transfer, trade capacity-building, human resource development, environmental protection, energy efficiency, investment promotion and responsible business practices.

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