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Category: UN Publications by Agency/UN Women Publications

Briefing Note on the Situation of Ethnic Minority Women and Girls in Viet Nam

Date added: 12/29/2015
Downloads: 2703
Briefing Note on the Situation of Ethnic Minority Women and Girls in Viet Nam

The briefing note brings out the current situation of ethnic minority women and girls in different areas including education, economic status, health, gender based violence and other harmful practices, representation and access to services/opportunities where they are usually disadvantaged compared to the majority of the population as well as to ethnic minority men and boys. In addition, the briefing note provides information on government response and recommendations to reduce the marginalization of ethnic minority women and girls. The intended users of this briefing note are first and foremost policy makers and programme practitioners, as well as researchers and other stakeholders working on gender equality and ethnic minority development.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

Situation and policy recommendations for land management and use in ethnic minority and mountainous

Date added: 11/30/2012
Downloads: 2417
Situation and policy recommendations for land management and use in ethnic minority and mountainous

Land policies have an important role to resolve the poverty and social unrest problems for ethnic minorities. Ethnic minorities usually depend on agriculture production in association with land for their living; the ability to switch to other jobs is very low. Most of EMs live with agriculture with the main capital is production land; the poverty rate is high and the majority of poor households are in association with agriculture.

To contribute to the process of planning and completing the land policies for EMs, this consultancy report is oriented to:

  • Describe the situation of the livelihoods, the land management and usage of ethnic minorities;
  • Analyze the problems of policies, laws related to land to ethnic minorities;
  • Propose recommendations on policies in order to ensure the fairness and effectiveness in approaching and using land of ethnic minorities.

Review & analysis of current EM policies recommendations for development of EM policy framework

Date added: 11/07/2012
Downloads: 2460
Review & analysis of current EM policies recommendations for development of EM policy framework

Designing the overall policy framework for a rapid and sustainable socio-economic development of ethnic minority areas in the coming time requires related authorities to comprehensively review and analyze current ethnic policies as well as programs for ethnic minority development. Besides, it is necessary to implement an overall context analysis to determine possible trends and challenges to the ethnic minority development within the next 10 years and supporting policies. The overall policy framework ensures that the prepared strategies and policies will meet both expected and emerging requirements.

Poverty Situation Analysis Of Ethnic Minorities in Vietnam 2007-2012

Date added: 12/04/2013
Downloads: 3112
Poverty Situation Analysis Of Ethnic Minorities in Vietnam 2007-2012

Key Findings from Quantitative Study

Vietnam has achieved remarkable results in poverty reduction but the progress of poverty reduction varies greatly among different ethnic groups. Some research studies have shown that economic growth and poverty reduction have not obtained significant success for a number of ethnic minority groups. Ethnic minority households face huge obstacle in access to important resources such as education, capital, market and agricultural land (The World Bank, 2009 and 2012). There is a substantial variation in poverty rate among different ethnic minority groups. IRC (2012) finds that certain ethnic minority groups in P135 such as Mong and Nung experienced huge progress in poverty reduction effort during the period 2007-2012. Whereas, other groups such as Thai and Muong seemed to lag behind in the poverty reduction progress.

This study aims to answer the following questions: how have the standards of living of the ethnic minorities changed during the period 2007-2012? Which group is the most successful in poverty reduction and which is the least successful group during the same period? What are the reasons for the success and failure of the two ethnic minority groups? The research outcomes serve as instrumental input for policy dialogue and recommendation for designing upcoming poverty reduction programs and policies for the ethnic minorities.

Situation and policy recommendations for land management and use in ethnic minority and mountainous

Date added: 05/14/2013
Downloads: 7737
Situation and policy recommendations for land management and use in ethnic minority and mountainous

 

Land policies have an important role to resolve the poverty and social unrest problems for ethnic minorities. Ethnic minorities usually depend on agriculture production in association with land for their living; the ability to switch to other jobs is very low. Most of EMs live with agriculture with the main capital is production land; the poverty rate is high and the majority of poor households are in association with agriculture.

To contribute to the process of planning and completing the land policies for EMs, this consultancy report is oriented to:

  • Describe the situation of the livelihoods, the land management and usage of ethnic minorities;
  • Analyze the problems of policies, laws related to land to ethnic minorities;
  • Propose recommendations on policies in order to ensure the fairness and effectiveness in approaching and using land of ethnic minorities.
Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNICEF Publications

Primary Classroom Language Mapping in Lao Cai province

Date added: 04/12/2013
Downloads: 8907
Primary Classroom Language Mapping in Lao Cai province

This Profile was prepared to present key findings from the Primary Classroom Language Mapping in Lao Cai province, conducted by UNICEF in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Training, Lao Cai Department of Education and Planning, and Summer Institute of Linguistics International. The mapping was to collect information on primary school students' strongest language and academic performance, and the teacher's ethnicity and second language abilities. It helped to identify monolingual school sites, where mother tongue based bilingual education (MTBBE) can be applied; the number of teachers who can potentially be the MTBBE teachers; and where students are performing well and where students are performing weakly. The instrument has proven effective and other provinces plan to apply it in future.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

Impact of Program 135-phase II through the lens of baseline and endline surveys

Date added: 12/25/2012
Downloads: 8976
Impact of Program 135-phase II through the lens of baseline and endline surveys

 

To increase the opportunities for poor households to benefit from economic growth, the government has introduced many poverty reduction programs for specific targeted poor household groups and regions. These programs include P-135 and P30a(improving the living conditions of ethnic minorities), P-132 and P-134 (targeted mainly at the Central Highlands to increase access to land and improve housing conditions), the Hunger and Poverty Eradication Program (HEPR), and later NTP-PR (health insurance for the poor). These programs and policies have increased the opportunities for poor households to secure the benefits of economic growth, resulting in improve living standards and increased chances to escape to poverty.

However, the most important question “What are the impacts of these programs on the expected outcomes” has not yet been answered in detail

The major aim of this “Impact of Program 135-phase II through the Lens of Baseline and Endline Surveys” report is to measure the impact of the program on the expected economic outcomes of the households, mainly the poverty, income, agriculture production, housing conditions, and access to the basic public services. In addition, the report analyses the current situation of all aspects of living conditions of the ethnic minority households living in the remote and poorest communes. The findings and lesson drawn from this report could help the government and donors to design and implement better programs in the future.

Click here to download the data and questionaires

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNFPA Publications

Factsheet on Ethnic Groups in Viet Nam: Evidence from the 2009 Census

Date added: 12/04/2012
Downloads: 8608
Factsheet on Ethnic Groups in Viet Nam: Evidence from the 2009 Census

 

This fact sheet presents key highlights of the current situation, trends and characteristics of the larger ethnic groups, based on the most recent population and housing census (2009).

It also summarizes a selection of policy implications and includes recommendations for appropriate strategies and programmes to reduce disparity, vulnerability and improve the quality of life for people of ethnic origin.

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

Poverty of ethnic minorities in Viet Nam: Situation and Challenges in Programme 135 Phase II commune

Date added: 09/19/2011
Downloads: 8604
Poverty of ethnic minorities in Viet Nam: Situation and Challenges in Programme 135 Phase II commune

Using data from a high quality household survey for the Government’s Programme 135 Phase II (2006-2011) and other quantitative and qualitative sources, the authors of this report have set out to describe in detail the features of ethnic minority poverty and the restraints to ethnic minority development in poor rural and mountainous communes. The study also explores some of the main causes of persistent poverty among ethnic minorities in Viet Nam today.

Click here to download the raw data

Status of ethnic minority human resources and recommended solutions for human resource development

Date added: 10/19/2012
Downloads: 9519
Status of ethnic minority human resources and recommended solutions for human resource development

This is a short summary of research “Status of ethnic minority human resources and recommended solutions for human resource development in ethnic minority and mountainous areas” commissioned by the EMPCD - a CEMA/UNDP project to Strengthen Capacity in EM Policy Formulation, Implementation and Monitoring. This research provides evidence-based data on status-quo of EM human resource, as an attempt to support the State Committee for Ethnic Minority Affairs (CEMA) in their drafting a proposal to the Government on Human Resource Development for Ethnic Minority and Mountainous Areas, period 2011-2015, toward 2020.

Click here to download the full report

Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNFPA Publications

Ethnic groups in Viet Nam

Date added: 05/22/2012
Downloads: 9813
Ethnic groups in Viet Nam

An analysis of key indicators from the 2009 Viet Nam Population and Housing Census

The booklet analyses various indicators including age profiles, sex and marriage patterns; total fertility and mortality rates; levels of educational attainment and technical training, each by ethnicity withdrawing from publications generated from the 2009 Viet Nam Population and Housing Census, including the Completed Results, Major Findings1 and a series of the 2009 census monographs. Other indicators have been aggregated and calculated from the original data.

Category: UN Viet Nam Joint Publications/Social and Economic Development Policies - Joint UN Publications

Factsheet - Joint Programme in Kom Tum

Date added: 03/30/2011
Downloads: 13620
Factsheet - Joint Programme in Kom Tum

The issue:
Located in the Central Highlands region of the country, Kon Tum is one of the poorest provinces in Viet Nam, where large ethnic minority population reside. Of the total population of 389,745, approximately 53% belongs to various ethnic groups – Bana, Xedang, De, Trieng, G’rai, B’rou and R’mam.

Spotlight

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Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


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New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam

 

On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


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UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December

 

Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.


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The secretary-general's message for the International Day to End Violence against Women and Girls

 

25 November 2016 - At long last, there is growing global recognition that violence against women and girls is a human rights violation, public health pandemic and serious obstacle to sustainable development.  Yet there is still much more we can and must do to turn this awareness into meaningful prevention and response.


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UNIDO Director General's Op-Ed Article to media on the occasion of UNIDO's 50th anniversary

 

Did you know that in Viet Nam, the net flow of foreign direct investment increased from USD1billion in 2003 to USD10 billion in 2008, and that by 2015 reached USD23 billion?  Or that the total value of exports rose from USD2 billion in 1990 to USD72 billion in 2010, to reach USD162 billion in 2015? These impressive figures highlight the country’s robust economic success, providing a boost to the economy and employment.

These accomplishments are largely due to the reforms undertaken by Viet Nam since Doi Moi in 1986 which liberalized the economy, attracted foreign investment, fostered exports and reduced poverty. To prepare for reform, Viet Nam received extensive technical assistance from the international community, including from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), well before 1986 and, more precisely, since 1978.

For more than 35 years, UNIDO has been sharing international best practices to help Viet Nam develop inclusive and sustainable industry. With more than USD100 million in expenditure, UNIDO’s technical cooperation activities have been carried out across a broad range of fields, including support to the private sector and technical and industrial research organizations, facilitation of technology transfer, trade capacity-building, human resource development, environmental protection, energy efficiency, investment promotion and responsible business practices.



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