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Category: UN Publications by Agency/UNDP Publications

The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index PAPI 2013

Date added: 04/08/2014
Downloads: 6285
The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index PAPI 2013

Measuring Citizens’ Experiences

During the past five years, the Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) has captured and reflected the experiences of nearly 50,000 citizens in the country. PAPI is a pioneering initiative that has become the largest time-series national governance and public administration performance monitoring tool in Viet Nam exclusively based on citizens experiences. These annual and nationwide iterations of PAPI provide ‘real-time’ data and information on the implementation of complex, yet key governance and public administration processes as Vietnamese citizens experience them.

Overall, the three years of nationwide evidence collected by PAPI displays a great deal of stability and consistency in scores annually. The remarkable consistency in dimension scores in 2013 once again provides reassurance on the robustness of data collection and reliability of the sample frame and methodology.

International comparative analysis of anti-corruption legislation

Date added: 12/07/2012
Downloads: 9471
International comparative analysis of anti-corruption legislation

Lessons on sanctioning and enforcement mechanisms for Viet Nam

This policy research paper undertakes a comparative analysis of the legal frameworks of anti-corruption (AC) laws  and sanctioning and enforcement practices in five jurisdictions (Australia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore and South Africa). The purpose is to identify lessons that Viet Nam can learn in reforming its AC laws (ACLs).

Most jurisdictions that have adopted a special-purpose ACL  have included in it details of the nature of the crimes, penalties for those crimes and special measures to  recover the proceeds of corruption. Three of the five jurisdictions  in this study  have adopted harsh and extraordinary measures to facilitate recovery of  ‘illicit assets’. These have been applied with good effect. Close coordination between criminal investigations and disciplining of public officials is a feature of the successful jurisdictions, with strict codes-of-conduct rigorously applied providing an important supplement to the criminal proceedings.

Establishment of a powerful, stand-alone ACA with extraordinary powers  for criminal investigations is the practice in all but one of the jurisdictions. Whether or not the enforcement machinery is focused on a stand-alone ACA, independence and impartiality of the enforcement and sanctioning processes are critical features.

The underlying purpose of independence – impartial and fearless pursuit of corruption – rests on a much wider, more generalized set of political norms and conventions about noninterference by the political executive in law enforcement and judicial affairs more broadly. Transparency of the process enhances the adherence to these norms.Viet Nam’s ACL deals in large measure with preventive and administrative matters. It is limited in scope and purpose and does not cover the main issues that need addressing in order to resolve problems in AC sanctioning and enforcement.

The  definition and coverage  of corruption in the ACL 2005 and in the Criminal Code makes it limited to the public sector only. Moreover, the definition of corruption  limits to acts committed by only the position holders, so excluding such act as giving a bribe out of the concept. The element of ‘consequense’ and ‘quantifiable value’ in most offences creates unnecessary difficulties for application. The fact that  ‘illicit enrichment’ has not been criminalized as crime and special measures for recovery of illicit assets are not paid attention. Santions (criminal and disciplinary) for corruption is not set out in the ACL. The enforcement system in Viet Nam is fragmented and poorly coordinated. There are multiple agencies sharing overlapping responsabilities. Criminal investigation and administrative inspection get in each other’s way. Political intervention and obstruction at all levels are commonly reported. The laws and regulation on AC investigation and prosecution in Viet Nam have not sought to ensure ‘independence’ in the sense that was observed in the overseas cases.

In short, the  analysis  of the possible lessons for Vietnam  focuses on the amendement of Viet Nam’s AC  legal framework, but the conclusions look beyond this process to recommend wider institutional and legal reforms.

pdfClick here to read the Executive Summary

The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) 2011

Date added: 05/11/2012
Downloads: 11491
The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) 2011

Measuring citizens’ experiences

“People know, people discuss, people do and people verify” is a Vietnamese phrase that perhaps best summarizes the goals of the Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI). PAPI provides objective information about citizens’ experiences and interactions with local authorities, thus “people know”. It provides a means for the discussion and validation of findings at central and local levels in order for people to discuss. PAPI illuminates the collective experience of what citizens do, enabling policy makers to act in their interests, thereby fulfilling the precept that “people do”. Finally, PAPI provides a tool to assess actual administrative performance allowing people to verify.

Media and Corruption

Date added: 03/18/2009
Downloads: 13842
Media and Corruption

This research paper on media and corruption, written by Catherine McKinley, looks at how five different news organisations in Viet Nam have covered corruption in 2006 and 2007. Based on the findings the paper offers a series of recommendations on how to change the environment in which media work. The paper is part of a series of UNDP policy discussion papers on public administration reform and anti-corruption in Viet Nam.

Spotlight

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Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


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New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam

 

On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


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UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December

 

Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.


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The secretary-general's message for the International Day to End Violence against Women and Girls

 

25 November 2016 - At long last, there is growing global recognition that violence against women and girls is a human rights violation, public health pandemic and serious obstacle to sustainable development.  Yet there is still much more we can and must do to turn this awareness into meaningful prevention and response.


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UNIDO Director General's Op-Ed Article to media on the occasion of UNIDO's 50th anniversary

 

Did you know that in Viet Nam, the net flow of foreign direct investment increased from USD1billion in 2003 to USD10 billion in 2008, and that by 2015 reached USD23 billion?  Or that the total value of exports rose from USD2 billion in 1990 to USD72 billion in 2010, to reach USD162 billion in 2015? These impressive figures highlight the country’s robust economic success, providing a boost to the economy and employment.

These accomplishments are largely due to the reforms undertaken by Viet Nam since Doi Moi in 1986 which liberalized the economy, attracted foreign investment, fostered exports and reduced poverty. To prepare for reform, Viet Nam received extensive technical assistance from the international community, including from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), well before 1986 and, more precisely, since 1978.

For more than 35 years, UNIDO has been sharing international best practices to help Viet Nam develop inclusive and sustainable industry. With more than USD100 million in expenditure, UNIDO’s technical cooperation activities have been carried out across a broad range of fields, including support to the private sector and technical and industrial research organizations, facilitation of technology transfer, trade capacity-building, human resource development, environmental protection, energy efficiency, investment promotion and responsible business practices.



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