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 The Transition of Ethnic Minority Girls from Primary to Secondary Education

The Transition of Ethnic Minority Girls from Primary to Secondary Education
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Name:The Transition of Ethnic Minority Girls from Primary to Secondary Education
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Viet Nam has made great strides in improving access and retention to quality education for both boys and girls at the primary and secondary levels.  Nevertheless, educational access and participation are lagging among Viet Nam’s ethnic populations, and particularly for girls.  This study provides important insights into the barriers to girls’ education among four ethnic groups in Viet Nam and possible solutions for overcoming them. In the study, local stakeholders were asked to identify barriers and solutions. Recommendations for short and medium/long term strategies also are given, grounded in international experience and research.

The four ethnic groups included in this study are the H’mong, J’rai, Bahnar, and Khmer.  The study was conducted in three regions:  the North (Bac Ha District, Lao Cai province); the Central Highlands (Mang Yang and Chu Pah districts, Gia Lai province); and the South (Cau Ngang, Tra Vinh province).   The research was based on a mixed-methods approach that integrated Participatory Research and Action (PRA) with qualitative methods such as interviews, focus groups, and observation. Quantitative data and analysis also were used.

The findings show the existence of multiple barriers in the transition from primary to lower secondary school level for girls in all four ethnic groups. Of particular importance, however, is the finding that barriers are manifested and experienced differently within the four ethnic groups. The findings also show that barriers tend to be interlinked in complex, non-linear ways. Contextually targeted education interventions at different scales may therefore have cascading effects and multiply positive outcomes.

pdf Click here to download the Vietnamese version of the report

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