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Child rights-based social audit of Dien Bien Province's Socio-economic Development Plan

Date added: 01/13/2015
Downloads: 5171
Child rights-based social audit of Dien Bien Province's Socio-economic Development Plan

Since 2010s, UNICEF and Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) together with partners in a number of provinces have piloted social audit tools of Citizen Report Cards (CRC) in Ho Chi Minh City and Dien Bien Province; Community Score Cards (CSC) and Gender Audit in Ho Chi Minh City and Quang Ngai Province; and Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) in Tra Vinh Province, Ho Chi Minh City and Dien Bien Province.

After the pilot phase, in 2012, UNICEF and MPI have completed and introduced to public the Toolkit for Social Audit with five tools: Citizen Report Cards (CRC), Community Score Cards (CSC), Gender Audit, Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) and Child-right based Social Audit (CRSA).

In general, social audit method has been gradually received as a management mechanism, which facilitates the development and application of methods, tools and techniques to enable the responsible agencies’ review for enhancement of social performance of an organisation, of a plan or a policy. The social audit tools are highly practical, in line with good governance principles and helpful for revealing the normative “good” by standards. More importantly, those tools assist the collection of essential information and implications for strengthening the effectiveness of decision-making process, resource allocation and service delivery in general. This role becomes significant in the context of on-going planning reform in both national and provincial levels for more focus at social impacts of social and economic development plans (SEDP)

Citizen report card on Public Health Services at Commune Level in Dien Bien Province

Date added: 07/15/2014
Downloads: 6147
Citizen report card on Public Health Services at Commune Level in Dien Bien Province

The Health Department of Dien Bien province, with financial and technical support from UNICEF, has undertaken a survey on customer satisfaction to communal public health services using Citizen Report Card (CRC) tool in 6 communes of 3 districts covering Thanh Yen and Noong Luong (Dien Bien district); Chieng So and Keo Lom (Dien Bien Dong district); Nam Ke and Quang Lam (Muong Nhe district). 

Surveying service users’ feedback and satisfaction levels of the health services provided at commune level and using CRC in Dien Bien aims at 2 specific objectives:

  • To collect feedback on service quality and user satisfaction levels with the communal health services including: (1) Antenatal care, (2) Medical check-up, (3) Vaccination, (4) Maternal and child healthcare during and after birth (5) Communication.
  • To provide specific recommendations for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the 5-year provincial socio-economic development plan and health plan against objectives and targets as well as suggestions to improve the quality of health services at commune level.

This research collects users’ feedback and evaluates users’ satisfaction for 05 healthcare services provided by CHS (Commune Health Clinics) on 7 aspects including:

  1. Availability of the services;
  2. Accessibility to the services;
  3. Use of the services;
  4. Quality of the services;
  5. Users’ satisfaction;
  6. Problems encountered by users of the services;
  7. Recommendations for improvements.

This is a sociological survey with the participation of the people who used 5 services, using quantitative, cross and descriptive statistical method. Respondents were 300 mothers with small children (these were the users of 4 services including pregancy check-up and conselling, MCHC during and after the labor, vacinnation and communication) and 300 users of diagnostic and treatment services at CHS (including 188 mothers repeated from the first group, 34 women and 78 men).

Salt Iodisation in Viet Nam: Learning from the Past and Building Back Better

Date added: 10/21/2013
Downloads: 7074
Salt Iodisation in Viet Nam: Learning from the Past and Building Back Better

UNICEF Viet Nam supported documentation and analysis of the history, achievements and current status of the salt iodisation programme in Viet Nam in order to learn from the past. It is hoped that these lessons will help shape the future of salt iodisation in Viet Nam. This report was written by Karen Codling, public health nutrition consultant based on interviews with stakeholders of the salt iodisation programme in September 2012 and a review of a variety of documents, reports, evaluations, and surveys from the salt iodisation programme.

The author also drew upon several years of personal experience with the Viet Nam salt iodization programme, including a programme assessment and field visits. Dr. Nguyen Vinh Quang, Vice Director, Hospital of Endocrinology; Dr. Le Phong, Vice Director, Centre for Subnational Directing & Training, Hospital of Endocrinology; and Mr. Nguyen Huy Quang, Vice Director, Legislation Department, Ministry of Health provided assistance
in the writing of this review.

UNICEF Viet Nam Nutrition Specialists, Roger Mathisen and Nguyen Dinh Quang contributed significant inputs and insights, as did France Bégin, Regional Nutrition Advisor of the UNICEF Regional Office for East Asia and the Pacific and Do Hong Phuong, Nutrition Policy Specialist, UNICEF Viet Nam. The Ministry of Health, with the Hospital of Endocrinology, as the focal agency for the IDD programme, reviewed and endorsed the final report. Financial support for this report was provided by the U.S Agency for International Development (USAID)

Iodising Salt and Fortifying Flour: The Best Investment for Viet Nam’s National Economic Development

Date added: 10/21/2013
Downloads: 6585
Iodising Salt and Fortifying Flour: The Best Investment for Viet Nam’s National Economic Development

Protecting the growth and development of today’s children is the key to fuelling tomorrow’s economic and social development. But, reports from national medical and research institutions indicate Viet Nam’s next generation of young people may not achieve their full intellectual and productive potential, simply because the food they eat does not contain enough essential vitamins and minerals.

Manual on local annual and five year development planning with new approach

Date added: 08/09/2013
Downloads: 8016
Manual on local annual and five year development planning with new approach

After almost 30 years of renovation from a centralized planning economy to a market-oriented one, Vietnam has witnessed significant achievements in economic development, poverty reduction and international integration. Various areas of governance have been reformed and institutionalized to effectively facilitate this process.

Nevertheless, the planning process (including planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation) as an important state management tool still faces a number of constraints posed by the market economy and accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The most notable and also the key limitation of the current planning process is the lack of an institutional framework from the central to local level on the reform of a results- based, participatory, and market driven planning process, even though this has been mentioned in important documents of the Party and the Government. Therefore, needs for planning reform and institutionalization of such a reform have become necessary and important.

Within their operation framework, many internationally-funded projects in Viet Nam have supported the government at all levels in piloting the planning reform. Some projects have developed and piloted different manuals to foster their planning reform mainly at communal level. The support of international organizations, on one hand, has helped localities and institutions pilot and apply modern and scientific planning tools and approaches. On the other hand, these initiatives fell short of consistence and coordination from the central to local levels in the whole planning system. In reality, the national, local and sectorial SEDPs are generally developed following conventional approach under the direction of Ministry of Planning and Investment’s annual planning guidelines.

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Spotlight

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Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


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New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam

 

On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


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UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December

 

Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.


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The secretary-general's message for the International Day to End Violence against Women and Girls

 

25 November 2016 - At long last, there is growing global recognition that violence against women and girls is a human rights violation, public health pandemic and serious obstacle to sustainable development.  Yet there is still much more we can and must do to turn this awareness into meaningful prevention and response.


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UNIDO Director General's Op-Ed Article to media on the occasion of UNIDO's 50th anniversary

 

Did you know that in Viet Nam, the net flow of foreign direct investment increased from USD1billion in 2003 to USD10 billion in 2008, and that by 2015 reached USD23 billion?  Or that the total value of exports rose from USD2 billion in 1990 to USD72 billion in 2010, to reach USD162 billion in 2015? These impressive figures highlight the country’s robust economic success, providing a boost to the economy and employment.

These accomplishments are largely due to the reforms undertaken by Viet Nam since Doi Moi in 1986 which liberalized the economy, attracted foreign investment, fostered exports and reduced poverty. To prepare for reform, Viet Nam received extensive technical assistance from the international community, including from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), well before 1986 and, more precisely, since 1978.

For more than 35 years, UNIDO has been sharing international best practices to help Viet Nam develop inclusive and sustainable industry. With more than USD100 million in expenditure, UNIDO’s technical cooperation activities have been carried out across a broad range of fields, including support to the private sector and technical and industrial research organizations, facilitation of technology transfer, trade capacity-building, human resource development, environmental protection, energy efficiency, investment promotion and responsible business practices.



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