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Summary Report: General Nutrition Survey 2009-2010

Date added: 04/04/2012
Downloads: 13750
Summary Report: General Nutrition Survey 2009-2010

Assessment of nutrition status, food consumption and monitoring of related factors are worldwide paid attention. The progress or problems existing in health-nutrition through nutritional and health indicators recommended by WHO, UNICEF, FAO should be monitored for the purpose of developing early interventions and effective prevention strategies. In Asia, there are still many challenges threaten the nutritional health status of people in some countries. Meanwhile, many countries - including Vietnam - have achieved remarkable success in hunger - poverty reduction and reduce the of malnourished prevalence in children.


Heading into the next decade, the conduction of General Nutrition Survey (GNS) every 10 years is required for the purpose to assess the current nutritional situation and to analysis correlative factors and identify the risk factors. The survey results were used as an evidence bases for development of Action Plan for Nutrition in new period 2011-2020. The objective of this GNS is to assess nutritional status, household food consumption and other nutrition related issues in Vietnamese people, particularly children under 5 years old. This survey has been implemented in 512 randomly selected communes of 432 districts in 64 provinces (the administrative boundaries of provinces and cities in Vietnam before 2008). The data collection method mainly consists of interviewing, anthropometric measurement, 24-hours dietary recall and basic information of the health centres at communal, district and provincial levels. The provincial survey teams were responsible for the data collection and data checking before transferring to NIN for data cleaning and entering. Data analyzed by using Stata 11 with cluster sampling survey correction with the assistance of an international data analysis expert. The anthropometric indicators of children were analyzed based on WHO 2007 standard reference.

Review of the implementation of the national policy on prevention of injury 2006 - 2009

Date added: 04/01/2010
Downloads: 13746
Review of the implementation of the national policy on prevention of injury 2006 - 2009

The purpose is to review progress on the implementation of the National Injury Prevention Policy and to make recommendations for future directions. Specific aims and objectives of the review were to: (i) Examine the conformity of national policy with international standards; (ii) Assess key achievements and constraints encountered by implementing agencies in the implementation of the National Policy; (iii) Identify lessons learned; and (iv) Provide specific recommendations based on the review for necessary adjustments and/or further development of the National Policy.

Key findings and conclusions

  • Since the National Policy was decreed in 2002, substantial progress on injury prevention has been made in many areas and against each of the general objectives. While a great deal has been done in terms of governance,  regulation and program development, this has not yet translated into substantial injury and death reductions, with the possible exception of road traffic injury, which may have commenced a downward trend, though it is too early to make this judgement.
  • The lack of adequate data systems to describe the injury problem, to identify specific injury mechanisms and settings to target for intervention, and to monitor progress is a substantial barrier to achieving the full potential of the National Policy.
  • Other areas where achievements are lacking are also identified in detail and multiple recommendations have been made for improvements and for some new directions.
  • A future high level National Action Plan is needed urgently to provide co-ordination, leadership and central funding.

Study on the correnlation between household environmental, household water supply, mothers' hygine behavior for children under 5 and the of child nutrition in Viet Nam

Date added: 03/20/2012
Downloads: 13746
Study on the correnlation between household environmental, household water supply, mothers' hygine behavior for children under 5 and the of child nutrition in Viet Nam

The great achievements of Vietnam in reducing the rate of malnutrition in children were recorded in the National Malnutrition Prevention and Control Program. In 1994, the rate of malnutrition in children under 5 accounted for 45%, and that in 2008 was reduced to 19.9%. UNICEF considered this result impressive, and Vietnam was the country in which the child malnutrition rate was reduced most rapidly in the Asian – Pacific region.

The National Strategy for Nutrition for 2001-2010 was approved with comprehensive aspects for improving child nutritional status. One of the interventions of the National Malnutrition Prevention and Control Program is to apply environmental sanitation, use clean water sources, and ensure routine de-worming, and practice hand-washing before eating, after urinating and defecating. However, up to present, the studies on the relation between the malnutrition of children under 5 and environmental sanitation, clean water sources, and
knowledge and practice of mothers on personal hygiene have been insufficient in both quantity and quality. Even in the 2010 General Nutrition Survey, the focus was to study the relation between the factors of breast-feeding, feeding children and the malnutrition of children. The relation between the situation of daily-living water supply, household latrines, KAP on personal hygiene of mothers and the malnutrition of children was not mentioned. Therefore, this study was selected by UNICEF and MOH.

Programme Brief: Action research on mother tongue-based bilingual education: Achieving quality, Equitable Education

Date added: 03/23/2011
Downloads: 13441
Programme Brief: Action research on mother tongue-based bilingual education: Achieving quality, Equitable Education Education in Viet Nam continues to improve in terms of access, retention and completion rates of students in basic education. However, disparities still remain with several groups underperforming, particularly among those from poor, remote areas and most often those from ethnic minority groups who comprise approximately 13 per cent of the total population. The literacy rate among ethnic minorities is 90 per cent as compared to that of the Kinh majority of 96 per cent. Within the education system, striking disparities are evidenced in terms of learning outcomes between Kinh and ethnic minorities in Vietnamese and Mathematics. The Government is now focusing on ensuring the provision of quality education that is relevant to learners. One of the main challenges faced by ethnic minorities in the classroom is the language barrier due to Vietnamese being the official language of instruction, which prevents those who do not speak the language from fully engaging in learning.

Social health insurance as a means to achieving universal coverage and more equitable health outcome

Date added: 01/04/2012
Downloads: 13306
Social health insurance as a means to achieving universal coverage and more equitable health outcome

This technical assessment was aimed at reviewing the implementation of the Health Insurance Law in Viet Nam with focus on marginalized groups including children under six, the poor and the near-poor and ethnic minority groups.

 

Overall, Viet Nam has made considerable progress in improving economic and social well-being such as reducing the absolute poverty rate and attaining rapid and sustained economic growth. Epidemiologically, Viet Nam has been experiencing a transition to that of a developing country with an increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Financially, key expenditures on health have been increasing. Specifically, total health expenditure as a percentage share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased slightly from 4.9% in 1998 to 6.4% in 2008, mainly as a result of increases in government and social security expenditures on health. The poor and children under six have been considered vulnerable groups in health financing policies in general, and in health insurance, in particular.

Page 7 of 15

Spotlight

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WORLD AIDS DAY MESSAGE 2017

1 December 2017

Michel Sidibé
Executive Director of UNAIDS
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


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Community spaces design contest for an exciting hanoi

Ha Noi, October 17/10/2017 - Aiming at improving the living environment and bringing culture and art to the community towards a better urban future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) successfully developed the project “Promote participatory, community-based and youth-led approach in safe, greening public spaces in Hoan Kiem district toward a pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable urban development” (hereinafter called Public Spaces project) under the Block by Block program with Mojang, the makers of the videogame Minecraft.

 

Deadline for round 1: From 17/10/2017 to 04/11/2017 Extended to 9 November 2017


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Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


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New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam

 

On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


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UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December

 

Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.



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