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Selected statistics about Viet Nam (Updated July 2013)


    • Total (2011):  87.84 million
    • Urban (2011): 31.7%
    • Rural (2011): 68.3%
    • Annual population growth rate (2010):  1.04%
    • Sex ratio at birth (boys born per 100 girls born, 2012): 112.3
    • Proportion of population under 15 years of age: 23.2%
    • Population density (persons per square kilometre, 2011):  265.00
    • Land area (square kilometres): 330,957



    • Life expectancy at birth (2010-2015)
      Men: 73.4 years

      Women: 77.4 years
    • Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (2011): 15.5
    • Child malnutrition rate (percentage underweight, 2007): 27%
    • Fertility rate (births per woman, 2011): 1.99
    • Maternal mortality rate (deaths per 100,000 live births, 2009): 69



    • Poverty rate (percentage poor, national poverty line, 2011): 12.6%
    • Food poverty line (percentage poor households, 2006 est.): 6.7%


    • GDP per capita (2011) : US$1375
    • Annual average GDP growth rate (2005-2010): 6.8%
    • Exchange rate (July 2013) US$1 = Dong 21,276
    • Increase in consumer price index (first six months of 2010): 8.757%



    • Adult literacy rate (2009) - total:  97.1%
    • Net primary school ratio (2009) – total:  95.5%
    • Net lower secondary school ratio (2005):  69%
    • Net upper secondary school ratio (2004):  55%
    • Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) (2005-2011): 88.7/86.9
    • Female third-level students (2005-2011): 49.2%



    • Threatened species (2011):  469
    • Forested area (% of land area, 2009): 44     
    • CO2 emission estimates (1000 metric tons and metric tons per capita, 2008):  127280/0.4     
    • Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent, 2009):    465.0


    • Human development index (Ranking out of 187 countries, 2012): 127
    • Gender-related development index (Ranking out of 109 countries, 2007): 62
    • Human poverty index (Ranking out of 135 developing countries, 2007): 55 


    Sources: UNdata 2013, UNDP 2013, General Statistics Office of Viet Nam 2013





    1 December 2017

    Michel Sidibé
    Executive Director of UNAIDS
    Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations

    This World AIDS Day, we are highlighting the importance of the right to health and the challenges that people living with and affected by HIV face in fulfilling that right.


    Community spaces design contest for an exciting hanoi

    Ha Noi, October 17/10/2017 - Aiming at improving the living environment and bringing culture and art to the community towards a better urban future, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) successfully developed the project “Promote participatory, community-based and youth-led approach in safe, greening public spaces in Hoan Kiem district toward a pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable urban development” (hereinafter called Public Spaces project) under the Block by Block program with Mojang, the makers of the videogame Minecraft.


    Deadline for round 1: From 17/10/2017 to 04/11/2017 Extended to 9 November 2017


    Harsh punishment for child offenders doesn’t prevent further criminality

    The age at which a child, can be held criminally liable is a controversial issue around the world. Within Viet Nam, this issue is currently being grappled with in the Penal Code amendments. Some argue that a "get tough on crime" approach is necessary to punish children to prevent further criminality.

    However, international research shows that because of their developmental stages, labelling and treating children as criminals at an early age can have serious negative impacts on their development and successful rehabilitation.


    New Year Greetings from the United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


    On the occasion of New Year 2017, on behalf of the United Nations family in Viet Nam I wish to reiterate our appreciation and express our warmest wishes to our partners and friends throughout the country. We wish our partners and their families in Viet Nam peace, prosperity, good health and happiness in the coming year.

    As we enter the second year of the Sustainable Development Goals era, we look forward to continuing our close cooperation for the sake of Viet Nam’s future development; one which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable, with no one left behind.

    Youssouf Abdel-Jelil
    United Nations Resident Coordinator a.i. in Viet Nam


    UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for World AIDS Day, observed on 1 December


    Thirty-five years since the emergence of AIDS, the international community can look back with some pride.  But we must also look ahead with resolve and commitment to reach our goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

    There has been real progress in tackling the disease. More people than ever are on treatment.  Since 2010, the number of children infected through mother to child transmission has dropped by half. Fewer people die of AIDS related causes each year.  And people living with HIV are living longer lives.

    The number of people with access to life-saving medicines has doubled over the past five years, now topping 18 million. With the right investments, the world can get on the fast-track to achieve our target of 30 million people on treatment by 2030.  Access to HIV medicines to prevent mother to child transmission is now available to more than 75 per cent of those in need.